• Chalk Paint Vs Milk Paint? What’s the Difference?

    
    

    I love the countless looks you can get from using simple milk paint and chalk paint. If you’re on our email list you know I love finding new ways of doing things – simply and inexpensively. If you’re not receiving our emails, you can join here. It’s free and you receive DIY Cheat Sheet and the Interior Decorating Secrets series as a thank you, full of great photos with 42 secrets that are low cost, high impact to get you on your way. The kitchen cabinets below were professionally done, but you can get the same look following some of the tips below.

    chalk paint kitchen finish

    Now let’s talk about milk paint and chalk paint. I’ve written about both milk paint and chalk paint but everyone keeps asking ‘what is the difference’? These pointers should help you decide which one is right for you.

    Are Milk Paint and Chalk Paint Different?

    Yes! The paint finishes can look similar but contain different ingredients and can be used to create completely different looks. 

    Milk paint recipes have been used for centuries. They are natural and eco-friendly. You can make your own paint following the video below or buy ready made powders. The main ingredients are milk (or quark) and lime.

    Chalk paint can be non-toxic or toxic depending on the supplier, so make sure you read the tin before buying.

    Both paints give amazing paint finishes; chalk paint finishes are a little consistent, whereas milk paint is often less predictable. There’s a lovely comparison of the two paints as sister’s from the same family; different in their own ways. Read it here at Me & Mrs Jones Painted Finishes. Now, let’s look at some of the differences between the two famous paints.

    chalk paint

    Milk Paint Powder

    Buying milk paints is easy. They come in powder form, often in a small brown paper bag and super easy to carry. Making up a milk paint recipe is easy too – just add water and stir. This means you make only what you need, along with the intensity or color.

    Like MilkPaint.com specialists say, ‘Milk paint is quick, easy and forgiving.’

    milk paint

    It results in a rich, lustrous and complex finish that improves with time.’ Here are the main milk paint characteristics.

    1. It can be applied in a few hours.
    2. It’s very easy to use which is great if you are new to painting.
    3. It’s hard wearing.
    4. While it doesn’t chip like normal paint it can be scratched.
    5. Milk paint needs a bonding agent if you don’t want to an antique or distressed look. Without a bonding agent, it self distresses over time. If you add a bonding agent, add it to your milk paint before you start painting.
    6. The paint effect creates subtle differences in tone and color.
    7. You can mix powders and create new colors.
    8. Milk paint looks better as it ages. It ages beautifully, looking more polished with different levels of sheen.
    9. There are no fumes during use, and is safe enough to go down the kitchen sink.
    10. Milk paint is water based.  It soaks into the wood unlike regular paint that forms a coat on the surface.
    11. For the best effect, use thinner, not thicker coats.
    12. It doesn’t require sanding your furniture which literally saves hours. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t sand if there are rough surfaces but it’s a great start if your piece is half way decent. This really depends on the kind of effect you want but sanding is optional. See Miss Mustard Seed for more on this.
    13. Milk paint bonds well to fresh, raw wood or to itself.
    14. You can apply it with a brush, roller or sprayer. If you use a sprayer strain the milk paint; a few times.
    15. The first coat of paint seals, the second coat covers. Some people like one coat, others prefer two or three, especially if they are layering colors. My suggestion is to allow the first coat to dry completely, then apply the second coat.
    16. Milk paint can be unpredictable when it comes to distressing. You can get some amazing looks if you’re happy to experiment.
    17. Manufacturers recommend a one-to-one mix. Most people mix and shake it in a clean, wide mouthed jar which makes it easy to dip the brush. Shaking creates a paint full of air. Allow it to sit for an hour to allow the solids to settle.
    18. Stir before you start painting and regularly while you paint.  When mixing use hot water (preferably filtered). This helps to dissolve any clumps, and gives you more paint and a more accurate color. Stir for a few minutes until you get a consistent liquid. Don’t panic about any clumps as they don’t show up when the paint dries.
    19. Some like to use a blender to get a frothy milk paint while others like Cameo Bliss say its best to mix by hand.
    20. It’s best not to buy large quantities of milk paint powder because over time is absorbs moisture from the air and can lose its ability to bond with wood. Unused milk paint should be sealed and kept in a dry area.
    21. Mixed milk paint also goes bad so use it on the day it is mixed or leave it overnight in the refrigerator and use the following day. Get more storage advice at The Old Lucketts Store.
    22. Hemp oil is a great top coat for milk paint. You can also use a wax or poly topcoat. Top coats are optional but they protect paint from moisture and wear and best for furniture used regularly. Oil gives your piece a darker, rich color and luster and protects it from spills.
    23. Milk paint is non-toxic. It doesn’t contain lead or any other nasties. See Real Milk Paint for differences and toxicity levels of paints. (They’ve updated their packaging and it looks great! Find supplies here)

    milk paint

    There are great tutorials all over Youtube as well as at www.missmustardseed.com or www.perfectlyimperfectblog.com if you want to learn more. But read on for a few tricks of the trade.

    Milk Paint Mixtures and Their Secrets

    Milk paint starts to get interesting when you layer paint colors on top of each other to create truly unique finishes. Professional chair makers and painters apply multiple coats of different colors such as Lexington green as the base, followed by Barn Red and topped off with Pitch Black to create a subtle tortoiseshell appearance. Try this with blues, yellows and greens or grays to get soft neutral looks.

    This may sound, using three colors, but wear and tear creates a close imitation of an old paint loved by antique collectors.

    The amount of water you use also changes the finishing effect and end results. If you thin your milk paint with one and a half parts water to one part paint and you’ve created a color wash. Add more water and it becomes a color stain which you can wipe off with a rag.

    milk paint

    To get a smooth finish, strain the paint using a strainer or old pantyhose. Leave it unstrained and you will get a grainy, less appealing, finish.

    Its a good idea to spray your furniture with water before you begin painting. This will show any residual glue or oil to be removed; preventing the milk paint from bonding with your piece.

    Recipes to make your own milk paint can be found at Martha Stewart, Real Milk Paint, Esprit Cabane and a cheat’s version using acrylic paint from Craft Apple.

    It is often said that milk paint has a mind of it’s own – (read ‘it looks and sticks differently on each piece.’) This is worrying for some but for most people that is part of its charm.

    I’ve put together a page of leading milk paints, waxes, oils and brushes along with prices here.

    What is Chalk Paint?

    Now let’s look at chalk paint, starting with a Annie Sloan chalk paint tutorial who coined the term ‘chalk paint’.

    1.  Chalk paint sticks easily, which means it doesn’t need a primer, so you can leave out this step. This often depends on the chalk paint manufacturer, so you may want to test it first. This also means less worry about old oil or glue left on your piece.
    2. Chalk paint is versatile in creating a wide range of looks; from distressed paint, crackled paint to limewash looks. (If you want the ‘chippy’ look, milk paint is better.)
    3. It doesn’t need wax or a varnish coat which makes it super easy to apply. Always consider wax, oil or varnish if you want to protect your piece.
    4. You can mix it to create custom chalk paint colors. There is a growing selection on the market such as Annie Sloan, or Websters Chalk Paint to choose from but if you want your own colors – you might want to make them.
    5. You can apply chalk paint with a brush, roller or sprayer.
    6. Chalk paint distresses well. You can distress before or after you wax. Chalk paint comes off in a fine powder if sanded. Just sand back to get the look you want for a soft, distressed finish.
    7. It’s the calcium in the paint that give it a chalky finish.

    chalk paint

    Recipes to make your own chalk paint can be found at InMyOwnStyle, Elizabeth & Co and LilyfieldLife. If you are doing a large area like a kitchen and the price of using a store bought chalk paint like Annie Sloan looks prohibitive (read scary!) then this simple recipe is a great way to create your own substitute and get great, hard wearing results.

    Chalk Paint Recipe

    • 1 Cup Latex Paint (flat)
    • 1/4 Cup Calcium Carbonate
    • 1/8 Cup Water

    That’s the basic recipe.

    Depending on the size of your kitchen, a gallon of paint could be more than enough. Make sure you get every lump out of your mixture, unless you don’t mind a streaky look. Remember, this mixture goes a long way, and its inexpensive, so you can be generous. To protect your cabinets, think tough; think decking.

     

    Chalk paint cabinets - WilkerdosChalk Paint Cabinets – DIY Chalk Paint

    These are simple and inexpensive recipes, the cheapest is $4.00 from Elizabeth & Co. You simple use latex (acrylic) paint mixed with either grout, plaster of Paris and powdered calcium carbonate.

    How to Make Chalk Paint Recipe

    The video below has 4 chalk paint recipes and shows the different finishes they create. Some are easier than others.

    You can find reduced additives, powders, paints, wax and brushes here.

    But if you have all your gear and just want more painting and waxing techniques and ways to make chalk paint there are four great videos here. Even on a budget, there’s no excuse for not getting your hands on chalk paint.

    Still on the fence about buying or making your own chalk paint?  Liz Marie Blog has a review on home made chalk paint versus Annie Sloan paint which basically comes down to this – Homemade chalk paint is easy to make, there is no prep work on furniture, since it sticks to any surface, and its cheap!

    Finish off with a wax or other sealer and you have a long lasting finish. You can age it with simple sanding or distressing and, most of the time, all you need it one coat of paint.

      chalk paint

    The downside is has a rough texture when dry and needs sanding between coats and may need some water added to it if it becomes clumpy. Not so hard, so far. And Annie Sloan Chalk Paint?

    Again, there is no prep work, priming or sanding. There are lots of varieties of DIY chalk paint that are less expensive and very smooth and easy to work with. You can layer colors and it dries with a velvety finish. needed. Most of the time only one coat is needed and its easy to age or distress.

    There is an ever expanding color range but Annie Sloan Chalk Paint is more expensive – even compared to other Chalk Paint brands, which do a similar job. Annie Sloan has a lot of chalk paint tutorials but you don’t really need them to get the process right.

    The subject seems inexhaustible but I hope this answers some general questions. Find a selection of milk paints here and chalk paints to buy here. 

33 Responsesso far.

  1. Thank you for a great blog post that is totally chocked full of great tips and information.

    I’m actively searching for what to use on the surface of milk paint (besides MMM Hemp Oil, only because I live rurally and this requires a 45 min. drive each way to purchase.)

    Suggestions appreciated!!

    LOTS of chalk painted furniture examples on my blog and Facebook. Enjoy!

    Donna Allgaier-Lamberti / White Oak Studio Designs / SW Michigan
    Hand-Painted Vintage Furniture Transformations
    Blog: http://smallhouseunderabigsky.wordpress.com
    Facebook: donnaallgaierlamberti@facebook.com (To see a portfolio of painted pieces for sale)

  2. Sharon @ Elizabeth & Co. says:

    Thanks for such a comprehensive article Christine! And what a nice surprise to see a link back to my blog – Elizabeth & Co. I love experimenting with all kinds of paint. Each one has it’s own unique qualities and allows you to create a truly custom look. … Thanks again, I always enjoy the time I spend here!

    • Christine says:

      Thanks Sharon! You know I love visiting Elizabeth and Co too and see what you great gals are up to.

  3. Jodi says:

    ACK~ Well, they look almost the same! I was planning on doing chalk paint on my kitchen cabinets (which are only 5 years old, but stained a very dark color, which makes my kitchen very dark). I was planning on using AS, but now I think I’ll get a low/no VOC paint and make my own chalk paint. 🙂 Thanks for the info!

    • Krissy says:

      Hi Jodi, what did you end up using on your kitchen cabinets? ….And how did they turn out? I’m looking at doing mine and was also considering milk paint. After you were done, what did hoy seal them with?

  4. […] seen and enjoyed all the variables available on the market, only one you might have over looked is how to make chalk paint. It’s fantastically functional and easily, […]

  5. […] you have seen and enjoyed the many variables in the marketplace, one you might have over looked is what is chalk paint. It’s fantastically functional and merely, […]

  6. Stacy says:

    Great article! I’m going to start a project soon and you’ve covered a lot of questions I had. Thank you!

    • Christine says:

      Stacy – thank you so much for dropping by and very happy you liked the Chalk Paint Vs Milk Paint article. There are more ideas on how to wax and polish to get different results whenever you get time… don’t you love home decorating!

  7. Ruby says:

    how many square feet does a quart of Annie Sloan’s chalk paint cover? I would love to re-do my kitchen cabinets but don’t want to spend several hundred dollars in paint! Thanks for any help.

    • Christine says:

      Thanks for the email! A quart of Chalk Paint® will cover about 150 square feet; which is almost double a quart of Latex. This depends on your style pf painting or the look you want. Some people can get even more surface coverage out of a single quart. Good luck with your kitchen cabinets!

  8. Robbi King says:

    Do you have to sand furniture bought 35 years ago with a varnish already on it? I is supposed to be solid oak but I feel sure the side ends of it are probably a laminate of some sort. It is not shiny unless we use furniture polish on it regular.

  9. Nancy says:

    Hi, I’m thinking about painting my kitchen cabinets. I don’t want a distressed or chipped look. I just would good coverage on my pickled wood cabinets. I was thinking about painting them either white or mocha. What would you suggest milk or chalk paint? Which one would hold up better? I enjoyed reading your blog.

    • Christine says:

      Hi Nancy
      for some reason I only received this now… very strange. Chalk paint sounds like the look you want! The color depends on the rest of your house and there are so many whites to choose from with different undertones. You can of course do white with mocha trim too. Test the two colors you choose first on a cabinet door or drawer to get an idea if you would like the whole kitchen painted in that color.
      Hope you didn’t get this months after!!

      Keep smiling and thriving!

      Christine

  10. Donna says:

    Can I start painting kitchen cabinets with Annie Sloan’s chalk paint without any prep no matter what finish they have on them. They are from the 1950’s era. Thank you.

    • Christine says:

      Hi Donna
      yes, you can use Annie Sloan directly on to any finish! Some people like to do a little prep work but its not necessary. Depending on the type of surface, you might like to test it on a piece first to make sure its the look you want.

      Good Luck!

      Christine

  11. Cris Henkle says:

    Hey Christine. Great article. But 2 things – you should always clean a piece with a degreaser before using any chalk paint. Secondly, Amy Howard One Step is a great chalk-based paint that can be custom-mixed into any color at your local Ace Hardware!

  12. Emily S says:

    Thank you for all the information! I was wondering what your thoughts are (chalk vs. milk) on distressing barn wood/reclaimed wood. I have only used “watered down” chalk paint and sanded however have been wanting to try milk. Any thoughts on this?

    Thank you!

    • Christine says:

      Hi Emily
      thank you so much for the email… Watered down chalk paint will look similar to milk paint but milk paint can have a more ‘chipper’ or distressed look about it, whereas chalk paint can have a more solid, powdered look. It also depends on the surface you are painting on. Best thing… try it! Good luck.. sounds like fun!

  13. Sheri says:

    There is one big difference between milk paint and chalk paint – milk paint is not toxic. If you look at the msds sheet for Annie Sloan chalk paint there are a few disturbing ingredients and on the side of the can it says there are ingredients that cause cancer and pthalates that disrupt hormones. I have thrown out any chalk paint I had I will only use milk paint form now on. Also Annie Sloan wax is made up of mostly naptha a petroleum product that can cause cancer. I use orgainic hemp oil and beeswax instead. People don’t be fooled by these manufacturers – they don’t care one bit about your well being and as consumers we need to be smarter!

    • Christine says:

      Hi Sheri
      thanks for the comment. You are right, of course. Milk paint is non toxic and the better health choice. Wise words.

  14. Paulie Girl says:

    NOW…..what about “mineral paints”??? Fusion, Billy Goat??? I am curious…..seems to be smoother??
    Thanks!!!

  15. Helen says:

    I like the idea of milk paint or chalk paint (although the comment above about the toxicity of AS paint is troubling), but I would like more of a satin finish (think Pottery Barn) rather than flat or chipy. Is there a way to achieve such a look with either of these paints? Is it the wax? Thank you. 🙂

    • Christine says:

      Hi Helen
      for a smoother satin finish, it is probably best to stick with chalk paint. Milk paint can get into the chippy state fairly quickly. Wax can make all the difference… If you are using AS then look at the range of waxes. Look at some of the videos on the blog too – especially if you are looking for an antique look. If you have a larger area and cost is an issue, you can cover chalk paint with the protection and shine you want with a varnish, not wax… Test! is my recommendation to get the result you want. Sorry, to sound vague but each piece can react differently to these paints. Good luck!

      • Helen says:

        Thanks for responding. With regard to testing, I wish there was a kit with say… oh 6 colors of paint, some waxes, a couple brushes, and instructions so one could test / play around with the paints. I’m one of those who wants to paint it, love it, and be done with it! lol Seriously though, I’d buy a kit to get a feel for the process. Chalk paint classes are so expensive and depending on who is teaching, one can either paint a piece of wood or an actual piece of furniture.

        • Christine says:

          Hi Helen
          that’s a great idea.. now let me think about how to do it? HA!

          I’m like you.. fast track, please!

          Great idea though..

  16. Beth Bender says:

    You have a picture above of a dresser in a darker blue…what color did you use for that?

  17. Lani says:

    Thank you for your fantastic informational blog!
    I have a completely different project I’ve been contemplating for some time. And, it seemed a little daunting (esp when speaking to most people). However, after reading about chalk paint, I’m thinking this could actually be my saving grace! To my dilemma- I would like to whitewash the walls in our (small) bathroom & (tiny!)1/2 bath. Our small 1950 beach cottage was finished with all knotty pine, shellacked, walls. We do enjoy their warmth, but thought the bathrooms could easily benefit from a update. I am looking for a wash, not solid color, and am concerned about peeling, though I’m thinking it may not be a problem with chalk paint!? Do you think I still have to sand 1st (as needed with regular paint because of the shellac), and what might you recommend I finish it with after?

    I really appreciate any suggestions you might afford me!!

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